Waste to Energy – Integrated MSW Management

Solid Waste Management

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Waste to Energy – Integrated MSW Management


Others bury it, we put it to use…

The MSW amount is expected to increase significantly in the near future as the country strives to attain a status of developed nation status by the year 2020 and so we are on the move to be future ready.

We recover reliable, renewable energy considering the pollutions guidelines directed by the government without compromising with nature. The energy recovered can be utilized as a source of energy to power homes and businesses while means less reliance on foreign imports, less drilling and less mining.

The energy created shall lighten thousands of homes. It shall also help us provide Renewable Energy Products, Systems Design and Integration.

Waste to Energy Plant



1 Truck unloading area
3 Overhead crane
5 Feed hopper
7 Pusher Grate
9 Secondary air
11 Wet deslagger
13 Auxiliary burners
15 Steam drum
17 Flue gas recirculation
19 Heat exchanger
21 Neutral scrubber
23 SCR catalyst
25 Control centre
27 Stack
2 Waste storage pit
4 Crane operator pulpit
6 Primary air
8 Air distribution
10 Ram feeder
12 Slag discharge
14 Steam generator
16 Condensate tank
18 ESP
20 Acid scrubber
22 Adsorbent
24 Induced draft fan
26 Water cooling


Incineration, slug and energy recovery

Incineration is a process of control and complete combustion for solid wastes. It leads to energy recovery and destruction of toxic wastes, for example, wastes from hospitals. The temperature in the incinerators ranges between 980 and 2000 C. The best feature of the process is that it can be used to reduce the original volume of combustible solid waste byy 80%-90%.

Flue gas purification and residues

Flue gas purification has got many components in this wet treatment system.

Upon leaving the combustion furnace with the boiler, the gasses – which at that point have a temperature of about 250° Celsius – are channeled through an electrostatic precipitator. This filter traps the larger particles, the so-called fly ash.

In the case of a ‘wet’ treatment system like the ones we have in our existing two incineration lines, the flue-gasses then enter into a ‘scrubbing’ installation. This filter out primarily those substances that dissolve easily in water, such as sulphur dioxide (SO2, one of the culprits of acid rain) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) and that is how the purification process takes place.

W2E – Process Flow

  • Collected waste is received at the plant of W2E.
  • The Garbage is than lifted by the crane towards the hopper.
  • The garbage is than fed to the Hopper.
  • It reaches the furnace, where the garbage is put to high temperature combustion process.

W2E – Merits & Principles

                Merits of Thermal proccessing, W2E merits and good combustion principles.

Thermal Processing – Merits

  • WTE Plants are Efficient but  capital intensive.
  • Will be operated with advanced Distributed Control Systems in  fully automatic mode
  • Advanced Flue Gas Treatmen technologies exist and we adopt these technologies

W2E Merits

  • Reduction of landfill by 25 % by weight.
  • Renewable energy

– 500/600 TPD, Approximately 8 MW of Power

  • CDM benefits over conventional composting

– (Approx ) 1.1 Mn CER ( over 10 Years for 10 MW)

  • Residual Ash can be explored for alternate use – resulting in possible conservation of land for landfill
  • Address concerns for socio-politial challlenges.

Good combustion principles

  • Residence time for the combustion product of 2.5 seconds at > 850 Deg C for thermal destruction of fugitive emissions.
  • Excess Oxygen atmosphere in furnace with balanced draft.
  • Back End temp of Flue Gas is 210-220 Deg C for the effectiveness of the Flue Gas Treatment Scheme.
  • Preheating the combustion air to accomplish in-situ drying of waste in the drying zone in the furnace

Salient Techhnical Features –W2E

  • Reverse acting Reciprocating grate with inclination to allow sliding of waste on its own is selected.
  • Six times the area than the travelling grate of previous plants
  • Ram Feeders to push the waste positively on to the combustion zone
  • Grabs to mix the waste to homogenize and feeding rather than overhead silo mode of storage to avoid bridging
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